When compiling a diet for a small child, very often mothers, due to inexperience, do not adhere to very important rules. For example, very often mommy fears that her baby will remain hungry due to the small amount of milk that is produced. Sometimes the mother simply seeks to "feed" the baby, believing that this way he will grow faster. As a result, not knowing what it is possible to give the baby, its diet is unnecessarily “diversified” with products that are completely unnecessary to it.
First of all, it is important to realize the following truth: if a mother correctly breastfeeds her baby, then such a feeding is enough for the baby. However breast-feeding not all modern mothers practice. Therefore, many inexperienced women often ask more experienced mothers whether it is possible to give cow milk to a child, whether fermented milk products are useful for children up to a year, etc. The following discussion will be about whether goat and cow milk is useful for children of different ages and when to start giving to his kids.
Should cow's milk be given to a baby up to one year old?
Until now, scientists are conducting various studies, trying to give a clearer answer to the question of when to give a baby milk. To understand when it is possible to give cow milk to a child, and also when it is possible to give goat milk to a child, it is necessary to clearly know about its effect on the health of babies up to one year old and older children. If you analyze the research data, you should pay attention to some important points, which to some extent explain, to children, at what age it is advisable to give milk, and what milk can be given to a child up to a year.
Cow's Milk: Composition
It contains a lot of different trace elementsand macrocells. It has calcium, sodium, phosphorus, chlorine, sodium, and the amount of these elements in it is about three times more than in breast. And in this case, it is far from talking about how cow milk is useful for breastfeeding. After all, an excess of the listed elements in the body is no less harmful than their lack.
In infancy, a child's excretory function is not yet configured as necessary. And when too much protein and minerals enter the baby’s body, the load on the imperfect excretory system and the body as a whole increases significantly.
In addition, due to increased kidney function, more fluid is removed from the small body than it should. As a result, the child feels thirst, cries, and mother again gives him cow's milk, the further aggravates his condition.
There is very little in the milk produced by the cow gland, and this type of iron is not absorbed by the child’s body. As a result, the lack of this element leads to the development of iron deficiency anemia. In the period of active development of the body, iron is very important for production red blood cells and hemoglobin.
The absence of the necessary enzymes in the baby
The age at which cow's milk can be given to a child is also determined from the standpoint of the absence of the necessary enzymes. Such enzymes are absent, at least until the age of two. That is why the baby often diarrhea in such cases. By the way, sometimes the enzyme necessary for digesting milk is absent in a person throughout his life.
At the same time, during breastfeeding, the digestion process proceeds normally, since the baby has the necessary enzymes for this. The body of the baby is easily absorbed. amino acids breast milk, while the amino acids of cow are foreign to a small organism, and their splitting requires a very large load. Therefore, cow milk is not so useful for babies. From what age to give it, parents need to think carefully.
Protein Aggressive Effect
Caseinis cow's milk protein. Its molecules are large, they damage the wall and intestinal mucosa. This leads not only to wall injuries, but also to release into the blood histamine, which provokes the development of allergic reactions. As a result, the baby can be diagnosed hemocolitis. But bleeding due to damage to the delicate intestinal walls with regular manifestation leads to a decrease in hemoglobin level and manifestation iron deficiency anemia.
If the baby will drink cow's milk constantly, then ulcers can form on the intestinal mucosa and, as a result, bleeding can occur. Therefore, the question of how many months you can give this product to children is not too correct, because it is better for a baby up to a year not to give it at all.
Increased Allergy Risk
Many studies confirm that allergy in babies up to a year, this product develops quite often. So, according to the results of some studies, allergic manifestations of it in babies up to a year developed in a quarter of cases. Based on these results, nutritionists consider cow milk to be one of the most allergenic foods. In this case, parents should understand that if allergic manifestations immediately after taking it are not observed, this does not mean that they will not be at all. After all, an allergy can occur when a large amount of allergen accumulates in the body. After this, unpleasant manifestations can be very stormy.
It is important to consider that dairy products contain less protein and lactosetherefore they are less allergenic. Accordingly, they are introduced into the children's diet earlier.
Can a nursing mother drink milk?
Interestingly, debates on this issue are still ongoing. Doctors clearly say that in the first month of a baby’s life, a nursing mother should not drink it. As for the coming months, there are different opinions on this matter. Some experts say that you can drink it in small portions and at the same time dilute it half with tea or porridge. In this case, you need to introduce milk into the diet in small portions, carefully observing the reaction of the child.
Many other scientists say that milk is useful for mother, as it saturates her body and baby's body with calcium, which is very important when bones are formed and grow.
There is an opinion that it is this product that is consumed by the mother that causes colic in the child. Therefore, it is recommended to introduce more neutral sour-milk dishes into the diet.
But the interdependence of cow's milk intake and increased lactation is nothing more than a myth. After all, the consumption of any warm liquid before feeding can give the same effect by increasing the production of breast milk.
Is goat milk good for you?
Many argue that goat milk is much more beneficial for babies than cow milk. Reviews about this are often found on the network, and in them mothers tell how to give goat milk during breastfeeding, how porridge is made on goat milk for infants, etc.
But in fact, it also contains foreign proteins, as well as caseinrequiring special enzymes and energy for its assimilation.
Answering the question whether it is possible for infants to have goat milk, it must be taken into account that it contains a large amount of fat, which is undesirable for infants. It is better not to give it to children up to a year with a weight deficit, after two years it begins to be given gradually and very carefully. The measure must also be observed for older children.
The amount of milk sugar in goat milk is lower than in cow. Therefore, it is often recommended for children suffering lactase deficiency. But in this case, it is not about breastfeeding during breastfeeding, but about children 2-3 years old.
The amount of trace elements and vitamins in goat milk is higher. But it is important to consider that most vitamins are destroyed even at 80C. Therefore, after pasteurization or boiling, this product is no longer so useful. If a baby drinks goat milk, boiling it or not is a difficult question.
The answer to the question of whether to boil, if we are talking about small children, is definitely positive. After all, no matter how parents would like to provide babies with useful substances, there is always a risk that pathogenic microorganisms will be contained in the untreated thermally product. Therefore, those who are interested in whether it is possible to boil goat's milk, it is better to do it anyway.
In goat, the amount of phosphorus and calcium is higher than in cow. However, those who believe that goat's milk for children is ideal for prevention ricketssomething else to consider. The fact is that calcium is practically not absorbed by the body without vitamin D. But phosphorus, on the contrary, is absorbed very easily and quickly. To remove the excess mineral, the kidneys of the baby work with increased load. This increases the risk of developing urolithiasis. But after a child reaches 3 years of age, this product really helps to strengthen the skeletal system, provided that the baby will drink it in moderation. Therefore, it is important for parents to know how to drink goat milk.
Should goat milk be given to children under one year old?
Many mothers, in spite of everything, are interested in: is it possible to administer goat milk for infants as early as possible, at what age should this be done? However, in this case, you need to be conscious and listen to the recommendations of specialists, and not ask the question, from how many months you can give your baby goat milk, the same inexperienced mothers.
Indeed, in this product, as mentioned above, there are a lot of minerals, casein proteins, a large amount triglycerides. As a result, it is absorbed by the body very poorly, which is confirmed by lumps in the feces of the child.
Based on all these factors, we make an unambiguous conclusion: babies should not be given goat milk until two years old, and, as many people think, it is not a suitable alternative to cow's milk. But after a child reaches 2 years old, provided that he is not allergic to cow's milk, goat and sour-milk products from it, you can try to enter into the diet.
If you feed the baby with this product, it may develop over time. anemia. Megaloblastic anemia is possible if the baby is fed exclusively with milk, as a result of which a deficiency of blood-forming vitamins is noted in the body. The number is gradually reduced hemoglobin, changing size and shape red blood cells, and the functioning of all organs is disrupted.
But the answer to the question is whether it is possible for a nursing mother to goat milk, similar to the recommendations for cow. It is necessary to introduce it not immediately after the birth of the child, it must be done gradually, monitoring the condition of the baby.
Can babies drink milk after a year?
Of course, if the child has grown up, and he is already 4-5 years old, you can give him goat and cow milk in reasonable quantities. Of course, provided that the baby has never had an allergic appearance on him. But still do not exceed a dose of 400 g per day.
But if the baby is only one year old, then it is too early to practice the introduction of this product into the diet. And even in two years, when the necessary enzymes in the body are already there, babies should not immediately give milk in glasses. After all, the most important rule is that everything must be done slowly and gradually.
Moms who are interested in when it is possible to administer milk porridge to infants should take into account that up to two years of porridge should be done on water, with the addition of an artificial mixture or breast milk.
And if milk porridge is not recommended for children up to a year old, then closer to two years the child can gradually begin to give milk porridge.
What milk is better for children to buy?
In the context of the discussion of the dangers and benefits of dairy products for children, the question arises as to which milk is best to buy for a child - pasteurized “store-bought” or natural, “from a cow”.
Arguing about which baby milk is better, some experts argue that the pasteurized product completely loses all the beneficial properties. And if it has a long shelf life, then this means that the product is completely useless.
However, it is important to consider that during pasteurization, mainly pathogenic microorganisms are destroyed. Indeed, for instant pasteurization, it is heated to 90 degrees, and in other modes, the milk is subjected to even lower temperatures.
But in its raw form, drinking it is very dangerous, since it can contain any kind of microorganisms. In addition, the animal can be a carrier of a number of infectious diseases that are asymptomatic in it, but milk can be contagious for humans. And therefore, the consumption of a raw product is always a risk of contracting tuberculosis, tick-borne encephalitis, brucellosis and others. Therefore, boil raw milk must be.
However, pasteurized should also not be considered completely safe and useful. In some regions, animals are given antibioticswhich subsequently pass into milk. Also, many animals are treated with antibiotics for inflammatory processes in the mammary glands, developing against the background of the use of synthetic hormones to increase productivity.
Accordingly, consuming such a product constantly, the baby receives certain doses of the antibiotic, which subsequently leads to the development of resistance to antibacterial agents. In addition, antibiotics generally negatively affect the condition of the body.
Those who ask whether pasteurized milk should be boiled should know that boiling is not necessary in this case. After all, antibiotics cannot be “removed” in this way. And the remaining nutrients will be destroyed by boiling. Therefore, the answer to the question whether pasteurized milk should be boiled for a child is negative.
By the way, some women practicing decantation also ask whether breast milk can be boiled. The answer is similar: the product will lose its beneficial properties after boiling, so it should not be boiled.
You can also find recommendations on the net that children should be given whole milk. What is it - not everyone knows. Whole milk is a product that is not subjected to any processing, only filtering after milking. However, given the meaning of whole milk, children should not be given this product. After all, the fat content in it is too high, and the lack of purification is fraught with the risk of infection with dangerous diseases.
What diseases can be transmitted to humans through the consumption of raw milk?
If milk is not boiled, then the risk of contracting many dangerous diseases increases significantly. Probably infected with such diseases:
- extrapulmonary forms tuberculosis;
- leukemiaprovoked by a lymphotropic virus;
- streptococcal and staphylococcal gastroenteritis;
- a number of serious infections - brucellosisanthrax, foot and mouth disease;
- ku fever;
- tick-borne arbovirus encephalitis.
Several centuries ago, children were not fed cow milk. If the mother could not feed the baby, she turned to the nurse for help. According to historical data, cow milk began to be given to babies only in the eighteenth century.
However, now women do not need to practice this method of feeding. After all, there are a lot of special adapted mixtures containing exactly those substances that are necessary for the baby. Of course, ideally, the newborn should be completely breastfed. But if for some reason this is not possible, you should choose a suitable mixture for feeding.
Potential harm to milk for adults and children
Many studies have been devoted specifically to the effect of this product on the health of children and adults. According to the results of such studies, scientists found a connection between the consumption of a large number of dairy products and the development of certain types of cancer in men and women.
If a person eats too many dairy products, then the level of galactose in the body exceeds the potential of the enzymes that break it down. This leads to an increased risk of development. ovarian canceramong women.
Also associated with excessive consumption of dairy prostate oncology.
Scientists refute the previously widespread thesis that milk is useful for prevention osteoporosis.
There are a number of other studies, based on the results of which we can draw the following conclusion: milk is useful for children and adults in moderation. Any excesses in the diet are undesirable, and babies should receive either breast milk or an adapted mixture. If mothers have questions, for example, from what age you can give a baby a mixture, milk "Subject", all of them can be asked by a pediatrician.